List of countries by public debt

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These are lists of countries by public debt, based on data from the CIA's World Factbook and the IMF. Net debt figure is the cumulative total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency.[further explanation needed]

Concept[edit]

Gross government debt is the total amount of debt the government has issued and is the most relevant data for discussions of government default and debt ceilings. It is different from external debt, which includes the foreign currency liabilities of non-government entities. Net debt subtracts financial assets a government holds from the gross debt amount. Net debt would decrease by about one-third of GDP.

The public debt relative information provided by national sources (CIA) is not always objective and true, given the fact that there is no independent research in these matters. Note that net debt figures are included where gross debt figures are unavailable in the CIA set (USA).

Public debt as % of GDP[edit]

Public debt as a percent of GDP by CIA (2012)
Government debt as a percent of GDP in the European Union, Norway, and Iceland in 2019

The figures here are represented as a percentage of annual gross domestic product.

Debt as % of GDP
Country Gross public debt[1] Date Total (gross) government
debt
[2]
Net government
debt
[3]
Date Region
 Afghanistan 8.3 2016 7.346 2016 Asia
 Albania 71.3 2017 71.244 65.472 2017 Europe
 Algeria 19.9 2017 66.57 20.487 2021 Africa
 Andorra 41.1 2012 Europe
 Angola 87.8 2017 107.53 2021 Africa
 Antigua and Barbuda 92.7 2016 86.823 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Argentina 53.7 2017 52.615 2017 South America
 Armenia 69.88 2021 62.787 2020 Europe
 Aruba 67.0 2013 Central America/Caribbean
 Australia 47.1 2017 70.2 19.094 2021 Oceania
 Austria 78.8 2017 84.28 54.320 2021 Europe
 Azerbaijan 48.8 2017 20.04 2021 Europe
 Bahamas 66.9 2016 57.205 2017 North America
 Bahrain 82.7 2017 90.335 2017 Asia
 Bangladesh 28.1 2017 41.91 2021 Asia
 Barbados 108.3 2017 132.876 76.284 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Belarus 46.2 2017 48.58 2021 Europe
 Belgium 104.3 2017 117.07 90.324 2021 Europe
 Belize 86.3 2016 99.023 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Benin 56.4 2017 41.37 2021 Africa
 Bhutan 93.7 2017 102.398 2017 Asia
 Bolivia 51.5 2017 68.31 35.369 2021 South America
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 43.2 2017 40.972 33.735 2017 Europe
 Botswana 18.5 2017 15.646 -2.683 2017 Africa
 Brazil 78.4 2017 102.76 51.583 2021 South America
 Brunei 2.70 2017 2.689 2017 Asia
 Bulgaria 28.6 2017 23.927 10.878 2017 Europe
 Burkina Faso 32.5 2016 48.06 2021 Africa
 Burma 36.75 2017 34.725 2017 Asia
 Burundi 40.9 2017 56.690 2017 Africa
 Cambodia 28.2 2017 31.44 2021 Asia
 Cameroon 32.3 2017 44.97 30.418 2021 Africa
 Canada 89.7 2017 114.97 27.793 2021 North America
 Cape Verde 127.0 2017 126.029 116.538 2017 Africa
 Central African Republic 42.5 2016 53.441 2017 Africa
 Chad 60.8 2017 44.35 2021 Africa
 Chile 25.2 2017 37.51 5.257 2021 South America
 China 47 2017 66.53 2021 Asia
 Colombia 53.0 2017 68.06 41.270 2021 South America
 Comoros 26.3 2016 28.381 2017 Africa
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the 14.6 2017 13.42 2021 Africa
 Congo, Republic of the 92.2 2017 98.42 2021 Africa
 Costa Rica 66.2 2017 49.098 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Cote d'Ivoire 51.4 2017 42.61 2021 Africa
 Croatia 81.5 2017 85.46 66.534 2021 Europe
 Cuba 35.8 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Cyprus 104.5 2017 112.42 81.236 2021 Europe
 Czech Republic 35.1 2017 41.39 22.869 2021 Europe
 Denmark 35.1 2017 39.29 16.273 2021 Europe
 Djibouti 32.3 2017 30.649 28.101 2017 Africa
 Dominica 81.0 2016 87.570 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Dominican Republic 47.1 2017 68.2 28.556 2021 Central America/Caribbean
 Ecuador 41.0 2017 67.44 2021 South America
 Egypt 104.4 2017 90.6 94.005 2021 Africa
 El Salvador 68.1 2017 59.319 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Equatorial Guinea 23.4 2017 42.676 22.347 2017 Africa
 Eritrea 113.7 2017 131.244 2017 Africa
 Estonia 9.3 2017 22.38 -0.572 2021 Europe
 Ethiopia 60.2 2017 58.51 52.228 2021 Africa
 European Union 86.8 2014 83.211 68.516 2017 Europe
 Fiji 50.4 2017 46.623 42.332 2017 Oceania
 Faroe Islands 35.0 2014 Europe
 Finland 63.8 2017 68.59 22.574 2021 Europe
 France 98.5 2017 118.57 87.651 2021 Europe
 Gabon 42.8 2017 61.065 2017 Africa
 Gambia, The 116.1 2016 123.239 2017 Africa
 Georgia 44.2 2017 45.099 44.918 2017 Europe
 Germany 64.1 2017 72.21 45.099 2021 Europe
 Ghana 76.8 2017 74.65 65.273 2021 Africa
 Gibraltar 7.5 2008 Europe
 Greece 180.0 2017 200.53 2021 Europe
 Grenada 84.4 2016 71.448 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Guatemala 30.1 2017 24.375 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Guinea 56.0 2016 45.92 2021 Africa
 Guinea-Bissau 46.3 2016 41.971 2017 Africa
 Guyana 52.3 2017 50.676 50.676 2017 South America
 Haiti 33.5 2016 52.44 2021 Central America/Caribbean
 Honduras 51.9 2017 50.42 2021 Central America/Caribbean
 Hong Kong 0.10 2017 0.27 2021 Asia
 Hungary 73.9 2017 75.87 66.413 2021 Europe
 Iceland 47.4 2017 52.53 33.344 2021 Europe
 India 70.2 2017 89.86 2021 Asia
 Indonesia 33.1 2017 41.83 24.802 2021 Asia
 Iran 14.2 2017 40.43 29.741 2021 Asia
 Iraq 63.7 2016 57.980 2017 Asia
 Ireland 69.5 2017 61.25 59.829 2021 Europe
 Israel 59.5 2017 80 57.928 2021 Asia
 Italy 131.2 2017 158.31 119.885 2021 Europe
 Jamaica 117.8 2017 104.074 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Japan 223.8 2017 263.97 153.040 2021 Asia
 Jordan 86.0 2017 95.557 88.490 2017 Asia
 Kazakhstan 27.5 2017 24.11 -11.784 2021 Asia
 Kenya 52.6 2017 70.46 50.364 2021 Africa
 Kiribati 26.8 2016 26.315 2017 Oceania
 Korea, North Asia
 Korea, South 43.3 2017 52.24 6.609 2021 Asia
 Kosovo 20.6 2016 20.940 2017 Europe
 Kuwait 26.2 2017 36.57 2021 Asia
 Kyrgyzstan 58.4 2017 66.79 2021 Asia
 Laos 67.3 2017 70.66 2021 Asia
 Latvia 38.9 2017 45.02 26.918 2021 Europe
 Lebanon 142.2 2017 152.846 147.164 2017 Asia
 Lesotho 47.8 2016 34.703 -0.944 2017 Africa
 Liberia 46.5 2017 34.434 31.997 2017 Africa
 Libya 5.1 2017 Africa
 Lithuania 38.9 2017 47.68 29.717 2021 Europe
 Luxembourg 19.3 2017 27.49 -8.284 2021 Europe
 Madagascar 42.3 2016 44.96 2021 Africa
 Malawi 54.6 2017 59.318 2017 Africa
 Malaysia 52.5 2017 66.02 2021 Asia
 Maldives 81.5 2017 68.051 2017 Asia
 Mali 28.0 2017 46.24 29.866 2021 Africa
 Malta 46.0 2018 57.08 40.452 2021 Europe
 Marshall Islands 32.2 2016 27.969 2017 Oceania
 Mauritania 99.6 2017 91.086 90.799 2017 Africa
 Mauritius 66.0 2017 60.150 2017 Africa
 Federated States of Micronesia 24.8 2016 24.489 2017 Oceania
 Mexico 51.5 2017 65.6 46.120 2021 North America
 Moldova 43.4 2017 39.24 2021 Europe
 Mongolia 91.4 2017 Asia
 Montenegro 105.15[4] 2021 67.493 2017 Europe
 Morocco 77.2 2017 76.57 64.042 2021 Africa
 Mozambique 119.4 2017 123.51 2021 Africa
 Namibia 43.0 2017 46.103 43.643 2017 Africa
 Nauru 65.0 2016 60.147 2017 Oceania
   Nepal 27.3 2017 43.7 2021 Asia
 Netherlands 49.0 2019 61.14 46.173 2021 Europe
 New Zealand 32.0 2017 60.22 4.649 2021 Oceania
 Nicaragua 46.0 2017 50.26 2021 Central America/Caribbean
 Niger 45.9 2016 48.64 40.894 2021 Africa
 Nigeria 15.3 2017 35.51 19.608 2021 Africa
 North Macedonia 47.3 2017 39.254 38.446 2017 Europe
 Norway 37.0 2017 40.00 -90.469 2021 Europe
 Oman 41.3 2017 88.65 -10.776 2021 Asia
 Pakistan 67.2 2017 85.97 61.608 2021 Asia
 Palau 24.1 2016 Oceania
 Panama 38.8 2017 38.158 35.881 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Papua New Guinea 39.8 2017 47.74 2021 Oceania
 Paraguay 22.5 2017 25.566 20.437 2017 South America
 Peru 25.7 2017 39.13 10.118 2021 South America
 Philippines 41.9 2017 52.51 2021 Asia
 Poland 46.2 2017 60.18 46.668 2021 Europe
 Portugal 127.7 2017 130.05 108.098 2021 Europe
 Puerto Rico 91.6 2016 54.573 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Qatar 56.8 2017 60.58 2021 Asia
 Romania 38.5 2017 36.878 28.341 2017 Europe
 Russia 11.8 2017 18.98 2021 Europe
 Rwanda 47.2 2017 69.39 2021 Africa
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 65.8 2016 62.378 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Saint Lucia 82.9 2016 71.262 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 79.2 2016 80.813 77.860 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Samoa 52.6 2016 49.121 2017 Oceania
 San Marino 25.8 2013 56.569 2017 Europe
 Sao Tome and Principe 60.2 2017 83.300 2017 Africa
 Saudi Arabia 30.0 2017 34.35 -7.723 2021 Asia
 Senegal 61.3 2017 65.42 2021 Africa
 Serbia 71.0 2017 61.476 58.684 2017 Europe
 Seychelles 56.8 2017 63.315 48.427 2017 Africa
 Sierra Leone 57.6 2017 58.428 2017 Africa
 Singapore 114.6 2017 132.35 2021 Asia
 Slovakia 51.6 2017 60.63 2021 Europe
 Slovenia 78.6 2017 78.01 49.159 2021 Europe
 Solomon Islands 9.0 2016 10.011 -1.101 2017 Oceania
 Somalia 76.7 2017 Africa
 South Africa 50.1 2017 82.76 47.896 2021 Africa
 South Sudan 33.0 2017 66.341 2017 Africa
 Spain 96.7 2017 121.31 86.344 2021 Europe
 Sri Lanka 79.6 2017 98.3 2021 Asia
 Sudan 54.8 2017 250.71 2021 Africa
 Suriname 64.6 2016 72.053 2017 South America
 Swaziland 27.5 2016 29.173 23.673 2017 Africa
 Sweden 39.0 2017 41.72 9.014 2021 Europe
  Switzerland 32.9 2017 48.48 23.053 2021 Europe
 Syria 58.4 2017 Asia
 Taiwan 29.9 2017 35.172 33.291 2017 Asia
 Tajikistan 41.5 2017 48.86 2021 Asia
 Tanzania 36.6 2016 39.25 2021 Africa
 Thailand 44.1 2017 56.37 2021 Asia
 Togo 68.6 2017 78.633 2017 Africa
 Tonga 48[5] 2017 Oceania
 Trinidad and Tobago 61 2016 41.340 -10.968 2017 Central America/Caribbean[6]
 Tunisia 66.5 2017 71.275 21.269 2017 Africa
 Turkey 29.6 2017 45.52 22.736 2021 Europe
 Turkmenistan 23.9 2016 28.820 2017 Asia
 Tuvalu 53.7 2016 49.186 2017 Oceania
 Uganda 38.2 2017 50.93 2021 Africa
 Ukraine 89.0 2017 64.3 2021 Europe
 United Arab Emirates 60.3 2017 38.19 -79.486 2021 Asia
 United Kingdom 87.0 2018 111.52 78.166 2021 Europe
 United States 82.3 2017 133.64 82.268 2021 North America
 Uruguay 62.5 2017 69.02 32.300 2021 South America
 Uzbekistan 15.1 2017 40.11 2021 Asia
 Vanuatu 31.3 2016 48.412 2017 Oceania
 Venezuela 25.8 2017 34.866 2017 South America
 Vietnam 62.3 2017 47.1 2021 Asia
 Wallis and Futuna 5.6 2004 Oceania
 Yemen 135.5 2017 79.33 139.372 2021 Asia
 Zambia 62.8 2017 119.57 56.349 2021 Africa
 Zimbabwe 75.5 2017 2.23 2021 Africa
 World 59.9 2017

Public debt per capita[edit]

The figures here are represented per capita. The row number column is static. So it acts as a rank column for whatever column is being sorted.

Public debt per capita by country, in USD
Country (Purchasing
Power
Parity
)[7][8][9]
(Official
Exchange
Rate)[7][8][10]
Year
 Japan $102,503 $91,768 2017
 Singapore $97,852 $60,016 2017
 Qatar $77,278 $37,990 2017
 Greece $50,562 $33,905 2017
 Italy $49,060 $41,056 2017
 Ireland $47,822 $44,871 2017
 Belgium $47,291 $44,119 2017
 United States $46,645 $46,645 2017
 Canada $44,348 $41,323 2017
 Bahrain $43,659 $21,673 2017
 France $41,040 $37,189 2017
 Austria $39,419 $37,310 2017
 United Kingdom $39,311 $35,320 2017
 Portugal $38,127 $26,462 2017
 Bermuda $37,015 $37,015 2016
 Spain $35,466 $26,210 2017
 Germany $33,349 $29,394 2017
 Aruba $30,674 $19,918 2016
 Netherlands $30,452 $27,415 2017
 Barbados $28,001 $26,777 2017
 Finland $27,111 $27,986 2017
  Switzerland $26,367 $34,225 2017
 Norway $25,900 $27,095 2017
 Cyprus $25,047 $17,103 2017
 Slovenia $24,939 $17,110 2017
 Luxembourg $23,582 $23,742 2017
 Israel $22,922 $25,351 2017
 Malta $21,746 $14,204 2017
 Antigua and Barbuda $21,709 $13,796 2017
 Australia $21,695 $23,990 2017
 Hungary $21,693 $10,427 2017
 Lebanon $21,238 $13,039 2017
 Iceland $21,169 $28,505 2017
 Sweden $21,048 $21,763 2017
 Kuwait $20,462 $8,525 2017
 Puerto Rico $20,360 $16,320 2017
 Bahamas $19,796 $19,960 2017
 Oman $19,326 $7,196 2017
 United States Virgin Islands $19,292 $25,819 2017
 Croatia $18,601 $9,976 2017
 Seychelles $18,482 $10,068 2017
 Saint Kitts and Nevis $18,363 $11,420 2017
 Taiwan $18,027 $8,682 2017
 Denmark $17,487 $19,784 2017
 Slovakia $16,798 $8,970 2017
 Andorra $15,915 $12,973 2016
 Malaysia $15,873 $5,313 2017
 Korea, South $15,633 $11,830 2017
 Uruguay $15,241 $11,540 2017
 Poland $14,829 $6,912 2017
 Equatorial Guinea $14,783 $5,858 2017
 Trinidad and Tobago $14,735 $7,834 2017
 San Marino $14,726 $11,722 2017
 United Arab Emirates $14,133 $7,769 2017
 Faroe Islands $13,728 $18,969 2015
 Mauritius $13,262 $6,253 2017
 New Zealand $13,180 $14,045 2017
 Brazil $13,064 $8,265 2017
 Lithuania $13,000 $6,717 2017
 Egypt $12,474 $2,450 2017
 Czech Republic $12,206 $7,007 2017
 Montenegro $12,122 $5,234 2017
 Argentina $11,884 $8,217 2017
 Mongolia $11,701 $3,281 2017
 Maldives $11,236 $7,335 2017
 Saint Lucia $10,859 $7,202 2017
 Gabon $10,847 $4,418 2017
 Mexico $10,618 $4,962 2017
 Panama $10,353 $6,150 2017
 Grenada $10,252 $7,021 2017
 Nauru $10,235 $7,293 2017
 Latvia $10,194 $5,724 2017
 Suriname $10,069 $3,963 2017
 Belarus $10,055 $3,051 2017
 Bhutan $9,993 $3,336 2017
 Sri Lanka $9,663 $3,060 2017
 Iraq $9,644 $2,858 2017
 Jamaica $9,360 $5,305 2017
 Serbia $9,333 $3,658 2017
 Azerbaijan $9,273 $2,190 2017
 Saudi Arabia $9,226 $3,569 2017
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines $9,167 $5,688 2017
 Dominica $8,747 $6,223 2017
 Albania $8,457 $3,070 2017
 Tunisia $8,406 $2,439 2017
 Cabo Verde $8,360 $3,931 2017
 Romania $8,291 $3,634 2017
 Belize $8,257 $4,757 2017
 Costa Rica $8,230 $5,713 2017
 Jordan $8,161 $3,680 2017
 China $7,878 $4,077 2017
 Iran $7,802 $2,049 2017
 Guam $7,631 $7,631 2017
 Turkey $7,613 $2,966 2017
 Congo, Republic of the $7,594 $2,253 2017
 Thailand $7,548 $2,781 2017
 South Africa $7,342 $3,343 2017
 Colombia $7,298 $3,225 2017
 Curacao $6,912 $12,375 2014
 Dominican Republic $6,249 $2,748 2017
 Ukraine $5,970 $1,811 2017
 Chile $5,952 $3,647 2017
 Cuba $5,879 $4,024 2017
 North Macedonia $5,755 $2,109 2017
 Morocco $5,665 $2,074 2017
 El Salvador $5,615 $2,723 2017
 Turkmenistan $5,519 $2,019 2017
 Greenland $5,437 $5,005 2016
 Ecuador $5,311 $2,870 2017
 Kazakhstan $5,311 $1,769 2017
 Gibraltar $5,203 $5,203 2014
 India $5,202 $1,429 2017
 Bulgaria $5,198 $1,928 2017
 Sudan $5,003 $1,292 2017
 Armenia $4,990 $2,032 2017
 Venezuela $4,684 $2,579 2017
 Bosnia and Herzegovina $4,600 $1,864 2017
 Fiji $4,555 $2,582 2017
 Guyana $4,441 $2,510 2017
 Russia $4,380 $1,721 2017
 Mauritania $4,347 $1,241 2017
 Laos $4,338 $1,492 2017
 Namibia $4,337 $2,159 2017
 Algeria $4,159 $1,106 2017
 Angola $4,145 $2,709 2017
 Vietnam $3,911 $1,329 2017
 Georgia $3,632 $1,382 2017
 Bolivia $3,628 $1,637 2017
 Indonesia $3,562 $1,112 2017
 Peru $3,488 $1,737 2017
 Ghana $3,424 $1,201 2017
 Pakistan $3,420 $983 2017
 Philippines $3,305 $1,182 2017
 Eswatini $3,030 $1,154 2017
 Estonia $3,013 $1,878 2017
 Sao Tome and Principe $2,966 $1,699 2017
 Palau $2,957 $3,271 2017
 Samoa $2,773 $2,051 2017
 Tonga $2,666 $2,053 2017
 Zambia $2,645 $986 2017
 Paraguay $2,468 $1,081 2017
 Syria $2,450 $1,199 2016
 Botswana $2,428 $1,082 2017
 Gambia $2,336 $623 2017
 Kyrgyzstan $2,216 $724 2017
 Kosovo $2,178 $788 2017
 Moldova $2,173 $876 2017
 Brunei $2,105 $754 2017
 Eritrea $2,066 $1,277 2017
 Guatemala $2,057 $1,126 2017
 Anguilla $2,024 $2,024 2013
 Zimbabwe $2,010 $1,035 2017
 Burma $1,992 $406 2017
 Nicaragua $1,992 $756 2017
 Honduras $1,992 $988 2017
 Yemen $1,913 $813 2017
 West Bank $1,850 $857 2015
 Kenya $1,833 $887 2017
 Uzbekistan $1,805 $395 2017
 Senegal $1,762 $679 2017
 Cote d'Ivoire $1,739 $724 2017
 Northern Mariana Islands $1,696 $1,696 2017
 Tajikistan $1,665 $418 2017
 Papua New Guinea $1,585 $1,041 2017
 American Samoa $1,579 $1,579 2017
 Bangladesh $1,433 $543 2017
 Tuvalu $1,394 $1,328 2017
 Somalia $1,392 $480 2017
 Mozambique $1,391 $472 2017
 Djibouti $1,309 $730 2017
 Vanuatu $1,297 $1,462 2017
 Cameroon $1,289 $504 2017
 South Sudan $1,229 $188 2017
 Benin $1,222 $445 2017
 Nigeria $1,201 $403 2017
 Togo $1,201 $441 2017
 Cambodia $1,187 $408 2017
 Sierra Leone $1,169 $366 2017
 Lesotho $1,143 $472 2017
 Tanzania $1,084 $345 2017
 Ethiopia $1,003 $404 2017
 Chad $949 $327 2017
 Guinea-Bissau $932 $397 2017
 Guinea $894 $328 2017
 Uganda $873 $261 2017
 Micronesia, Federated States of $823 $775 2017
 Rwanda $820 $304 2017
 Mali $792 $295 2017
   Nepal $703 $221 2017
 Burkina Faso $692 $243 2017
 Malawi $669 $186 2017
 Marshall Islands $660 $748 2017
 Haiti $576 $248 2017
 Madagascar $559 $161 2017
 Kiribati $546 $474 2017
 Comoros $520 $257 2017
 Niger $498 $188 2017
 Liberia $437 $235 2017
 Libya $431 $213 2017
 Burundi $349 $148 2017
 Central African Republic $312 $178 2017
 Timor-Leste $213 $80 2017
 Solomon Islands $189 $185 2017
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the $146 $88 2017
 Afghanistan $139 $41 2017
 Hong Kong $63 $47 2017
 Falkland Islands $0 $0 2015
 Macau $0 $0 2017

See also[edit]

Nation specific

References[edit]

  1. ^ Public debt. Country comparison. The World Factbook, United States Central Intelligence Agency. Archived 2007-06-13 at the Wayback Machine,
  2. ^ "Fiscal Monitor Gross debt position". www.imf.org. Retrieved 2021-02-08. Archived 2021-02-08 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". www.imf.org. Retrieved 2018-05-21.
  4. ^ "Saopštenje sa 16. sjednice Vlade Crne Gore". Government of Montenegro. 2021-03-26. Retrieved 2021-03-27.
  5. ^ "Australia - Tonga - The World Factbook". CIA. Retrieved 2020-05-04.
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ a b "Country Comparison :: Population — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.
  8. ^ a b "Field Listing :: Public debt — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.
  9. ^ "Field Listing :: GDP (purchasing power parity) — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.
  10. ^ "Field Listing :: GDP (official exchange rate) — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.